Utilization Of Postnatal Care Services in Rural Area of Western Rajasthan, India


  • Sandeep Kumar Uppadhaya AIIMS, Jodhpur
  • Suman Bhansali Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur
  • Sunil Kumar Sivodia Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur
  • Neha Agrawal SIMS, Hapur
  • Kapil Garg Jaipur National University IMSRC, Jaipur
  • Mahendra Singh Jaipur National University IMSRC, Jaipur


Health facility, maternal health care, postnatal care, rural area


Introduction- Maternal and child health care is one of the components of primary health care. According to World Health Organization, 50-70% of maternal deaths occur in post- partum period. The study is aimed to assess the utilization of postnatal care services and associated factors in rural area of Western Rajasthan.

Materials and Methods- This community based cross sectional study were conducted in the rural area of western Rajasthan. All women of study area, which delivered between 1stJuly 2013 to 30thJune 2014, were included in the study.

Results- Only 35.86% mothers received 2 or more postnatal care services within 42 days of delivery. The main reason behind this was lack of knowledge/ unawareness about benefits of postnatal services. The important factors associated with low utilization of postnatal services were lower literacy level of mother, lower socioeconomic status, working mothers, nuclear family and parity of mother.

Conclusion- The present study revealed low utilization of postnatal care services among the study population. Advancement of health facilities, encouragement of service provider, sustainable maternal and child health programs and creating awareness will support to achieve furthermore better results in the postnatal services utililization.


Park K., Text book of preventive and social medicine, 23th ed, Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur, 2015.

Nagral K. Concept of safe motherhood in ayurved. J Fam Welf 1997,43(2):53-57

Policy project. Maternal and Neonatal Program Index (MNPI): A tool for maternal health advocates. Published Project Report: Maternal Health and Child Study; 1999.

World Health Organization. Making pregnancy safer: why is this issue important? 2004. Available from: http://www.who.millenium goalsformater-nalhealth.html. (Accessed on October 9th, 2015)

World Health Organization. Accelerating progress to-wards achieving maternal and child health Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 in South-East Asia: Report to high-level consultation; 2009.

Millennium Development Goal Report 2015. Available from: http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2015_MDG_Report/pdf/MDG%202015%20rev%20(July%2015).pdf (Ac-cessed on July 15th, 2016)

Warren C, Daly P, Toure L, Mongi P. Postnatal care. In: Lawn J, Kerber K, eds. Opportunities for Africa’s New-borns. Cape Town, South Africa: Partnership for Mater-nal, Newborn and Child Health, 2006: 79–90. http://www.who.int/pmnch/media/publications/ afri-canewborns/en/index.html (Accessed on June 6th, 2015).

World Health Organization. WHO technical Consultation on postpartum and postnatal care. Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health; Geneva: WHO; 2010. Avail-able from: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/WHO_MPS_10_03/en/. (Last accessed on Sep-tember 14th, 2015.)

Number of villages under each gram panchayat. Annex-ure–I; Available from: www.slbcrajasthan.com/jodhpur.pdf. (Last accessed on May 10th, 2015)

Annual health survey 2012-2013 fact sheet, Rajasthan. Available from www.censusindia.gov.in. (Last accessed on August 15th, 2015)

Malik JS, Kalhan M, Punia A, Sachdeva S, Behera BK. Utilization of Health Services under Janani Suraksha Yojna in Rural Haryana. Int J Med Public Health 2013;3:176-9.

Sharma A, Thakur PS, Kasar PK, Tiwari R, Sharma R. Utilization of post natal care in tribal area of Madhya Pradesh: A community based cross sectional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2014;3:1266-1271

Jat TR, Ng N, San Sebastian M. Factors affecting the use of maternal health services in Madhya Pradesh state of India: a multilevel analysis. Int J Equity Health 2011;10:59.

Paudel DP, Nilgar B, Bhandankar M. Determinants of postnatal maternity care service utilization in rural Bel-gaum of Karnataka, India: A community based cross-sectional study. Int J Med Public Health 2014;4:96-101.

Bhattacherjee S, Datta S, Saha JB, Chakraborty M. Mater-nal health care services utilization in tea gardens of Dar-jeeling, India. J Basic Clin Reprod Sci 2013;2:77-84.

Acharya LB, Cleland J. Maternal and child health services in rural Nepal: does access or quality matter more? Health Pol Plan 2000;15:223-9.




How to Cite

Uppadhaya SK, Bhansali S, Sivodia SK, Agrawal N, Garg K, Singh M. Utilization Of Postnatal Care Services in Rural Area of Western Rajasthan, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2016 Jul. 31 [cited 2024 May 29];7(07):569-72. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/1006



Original Research Articles