Prevalence of Depression and its Associated Factors among Students of a Medical College in Western Rajasthan
Keywords:Medical students, Stress, Depression, Substance abuse
Introduction: Study of medicine along with being very prestigious, exciting, and challenging; is also very stressful. Getting into medical school has an impact on a student’s mental health because it requires adaptation and lifestyle changes. It is important to know the factors that influence students’ mental health during medical training to facilitate healthcare promotion and psycho-pedagogical support services.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on the medical students of Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur for a period of six months. Students were screened using BDI questionnaire for assessment of depression. Data regarding their demographic profile and their smoking and drinking habits if any was also collected. Responses obtained were analysed using Micro soft excel version 2010. For further statistical analysis SPSS version 16.0 was used.
Results: A total of 815 students participated in the study. Prevalence of smoking was found to be 15.46% and that of alcohol consumption 26.13% respectively. A large proportion of the students (44.42%) were found to be depressed.
Conclusion: Stress was more common in the undergraduates. Gender, year of study, age, marital status were found to be significantly related to presence depression in the students.
World Health Organization. Depression Fact Sheet. Availa-ble at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets /fs369/en/. Accessed on August 8th, 2016.
World Health Organization. Mental Health: Suicide data. Available at: www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/ su-icide/suicideprevent/en/. Accessed on December 4th, 2013.
Dyrbye LN, Thomas MR, Massie FS, et al. Burnout and sui-cidal ideation among US medical students. Ann Intern Med 2008; 149 (5):334–41.
Abhinav Goyal, Jugal Kishore, Tanu Anand, Akanksha Ra-thi: Suicidal ideation among medical students of Delhi. Journal of Mental Health and Human Behavior 2012; 17(1).
P. C. Sahu, I. F. Inamdar, Mohammed Ubaidulla et al. Study of depression among medical students of different pathies in Nanded city, Maharashtra. Journal of Evolution of Medi-cal and Dental Sciences 2013; 2 (22): 3978-3986.
K. Devi, Rohan Patel, Ashok M.Phil. Study of Psychological Depression and its associated factors among Medical Stu-dents in Pondicherry. Indian Journal of Basic & Applied Medical Research 2013; 2 (8): 1009-1016.
Mohd Nazeer, Razia Sultana. Stress in Medical Education and its Management. IJSR 2014, 3(12): 355-359.
Aktekin M, Karaman T, Senol YY, Erdem S, Erengin H, Akaydin M. Anxiety, depression and stressful life events among medical students: a prospective study in Antalya, Turkey. Med Educ 2001; 35 (1):12–7.
AN Supe. A study of stress in medical students at Seth G.S. Medical College. JPGM 1998; 44 (1): 1-6.
Hafferty FW. Beyond curriculum reform: confronting medi-cine’s hidden curriculum. Acad Med 1998; 73 (4):403–7.
Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1961; 4:561–71.
Kendall PC, Hollon SD, Beck AT et al. Issues and recom-mendations regarding use of the Beck Depression Invento-ry. CognitTher Res 1987; 11 (3):289–99.
Deardorff WW, Funabiki D. A diagnostic caution in screen-ing for depressed college students. CognitTher Res 1985; 9 (3):277–84.
World Health Organization. Noncommunicable diseases and mental health. Noncommunicable Diseases Country Profiles, 2014. Available at http://www.who.int/nmh/ publications/ncd-profiles-2014/en/. Accessed on Novem-ber 10th 2014.
Apoorva, Arjun S. Pillai , Arjun Nayanar et al. Risk factors and consequences of alcohol consumption among college students. NUJHS 2014; 4(2).
Medical Cadet Virendra Vikram Singh, Col Zile Singh, Lt Col A Banerjee et al. Determinants of Smoking Habit among Medical Students. MJAFI 2003; 59: 209-211.
Majra JP. Do Our Medical Colleges Inculcate Health-Promoting Lifestyle Among Medical Students: A Pilot Study from Two Medical Colleges from Southern India. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(4): 425–429.
Singh A, Lal A, Shekhar. Prevalence of depression among medical students of a private medical college in India. Online J Health Allied Scs. 2010; 9(4):8.
Hojat M, Glaser K, Xu G et al. Gender comparisons of med-ical students’ psychosocial profiles. Med Educ 1999; 33 (5):342–9.
Coombs RH. The effect of marital status on stress in medical school. Am J Psychiatry. 1982; 139:1490–93.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author retains the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.