Factors Associated with under nutrition among 6-59 Months Old Children in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
Keywords:Undernutrition, Scoio-economic factors, Diarrhoea, ARI, nutrition, 6-59 months
Context: Under nutrition has long been a major public health concern in developing country like India as a leading cause of child morbidity and mortality. The study was aimed to assess the malnutrition and factors associated with it. The study was conducted to assess under nutrition in under five children and various associated factors affecting it.
Methodology A community based cross sectional study was conducted among 400 under five children of rural and urban Rishikesh. Multistage sampling method was used to select the areas and systematic random sampling was used to select households. A predesigned, pre tested & semi structured questionnaire was used to collect information on various associated factors and status of under nutrition in study participants. Data was entered into excel sheets and analyzed using SPSS utilizing appropriate statistical test.
Results: The prevalence of underweight was 37.3%, stunting was 43.3% and wasting was 24.5% respectively. Socio-demographic factors, child birth weight and birth order, hand washing practice by mother and common morbidity emerged as significant predictors of under nutrition.
Conclusion: The burden of common morbidities and prevalence of malnutrition among under-five children in this community is very high. Our policies should aim to improve child health nutrition and growth.
Trehan I, Goldbach HS, LaGrone LN, Meuli GJ, Wang RJ, Maleta KM, Manary MJ. Research Article (New England Journal of Medicine) Antibiotics as part of the management of severe acute malnutrition. Malawi Medical Journal. 2016;28(3):123-30.
Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, De Onis M, Ezzati M, Mathers C, Rivera J, Maternal and Child Under nutrition Study Group. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. The lancet. 2008 Jan 19;371(9608):243-60.
Cai X, Wardlaw T, Brown DW. Global trends in exclusive breastfeeding. International breastfeeding journal. 2012 Dec;7(1):12.
Martorell and M. F. Young, “Patterns of stunting and wast-ing: potential explanatory factors,” Advances in Nutrition, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 227–233, 2012. View at Publisher • View at Google Scholar • View at Scopus.
http://rchiips.org/NFHS/factsheet_NFHS-4.shtml [Ac-cessed on 4/11/2017]
Meshram II, Rao KM, Reddy CG, Sharad KS, Sreerama KK, Hari KR. Prevalence of under nutrition and its predictors among under 5-year children in Surat region, Gujarat, India. Journal of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics. 2016; 2:1-2.
Navya N, Udayakiran N. A comparative study of anthro-pometric measurements of children attending urban and ru-ral anganwadi centres of a coastal district in Karnataka, In-dia. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health. 2016 Dec 21;4(1):91-5.
Rao S, Joshi SB, Kelkar RS. Changes in nutritional status and morbidity over time among pre-school children from slums in Pune, India. Indian pediatrics. 2000 Oct;37(10):1060-71.
Meshram II, Arlappa N, Balakrishna N, Rao KM, Laxmaiah A, Brahmam GN. Trends in the prevalence of undernutri-tion, nutrient and food intake and predictors of Under nutri-tion among under five-year tribal children in India. Asia Pa-cific journal of clinical nutrition. 2012;21(4):568.
Vyas S, Kandpal SD, Semwal J. A study on Under nutrition and its socioeconomic correlates among toddlers in a rural area of Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Com-munity Medicine And Public Health. 2017 Feb 3;3(5):1043-8.
Titaley CR, Ariawan I, Hapsari D, Muasyaroh A, Dibley MJ. Determinants of the Stunting of Children Under Two Years Old in Indonesia: A Multilevel Analysis of the 2013 Indone-sia Basic Health Survey. Nutrients. 2019 May;11(5):1106.
Chaudhari P, Agrawal M. Malnutrition and associated fac-tors among children below five years of age residing in slum area of Jaipur city, Rajasthan, India. Asian journal of clinical nutrition.2019;11(1):1-8
Ray SK, Maji S, Lahiri SK. A Longitudinal Study of Morbid-ity Pattern and Nutritional status of under Five Children in a Slum Community of Kolkata. Skin. 2014 Aug;19(6.44):388.
Meshram II, Arlappa N, Balakrishna N, Rao KM, Laxmaiah A, Brahmam GN. Trends in the prevalence of undernutri-tion, nutrient and food intake and predictors of Under nutri-tion among under five year tribal children in India. Asia Pa-cific journal of clinical nutrition. 2012;21(4):568.
Ramachandran P, Gopalan HS. Under nutrition & risk of infections in preschool children. Indian J Med Res. 2009 Nov 1;130(5):579-83.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author retains the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.