Role of Triglyceride to High Density Lipoprotein (TG/HDL) Ratio as A Marker of Insulin Resistance in Adults of Central India: A Narrative Review

Authors

  • Khalid Khan Datta Meghe Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Nagpur, India
  • Sabiha Quazi Datta Meghe Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Nagpur, India
  • Anil Wanjari Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Higher Education and Research, Sawangi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.150420243789

Keywords:

Insulin resistance, Central India, TG/HDL ratio, lipid abnormalities

Abstract

One of the main risk factors for the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is insulin resistance (IR). But because there aren't many easy-to-use and trustworthy biomarkers or tests, the entity is frequently under diagnosed. The present review was performed with an aim to provide the available data regarding the role or efficacy of TG/HDL ratio as an indicator of IR in adults of central India, a region popular for high prevalence of T2DM and CVD. An extensive search of all materials related to the topic was carried out in the PubMed search engine. Relevant research articles focusing on use of TG/HDL as a marker of insulin resistance published in the period 2002 to 2023 were included in the review. A total of 33 articles were selected based upon their suitability with the current review objectives and analyzed. The review concludes that TG/HDL ratio is a simple, affordable, and feasible marker of IR that can be used in economically poor regions of the India or world for screening IR and risk stratification of T2DM and CVD in adults. However, more studies are needed in India and all over the world to validate this marker and its cut-off values.

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Published

2024-04-01

How to Cite

1.
Khan K, Quazi S, Wanjari A. Role of Triglyceride to High Density Lipoprotein (TG/HDL) Ratio as A Marker of Insulin Resistance in Adults of Central India: A Narrative Review. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];15(04):320-6. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/3789

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Review Articles