Correlation of Body Mass Index and Disease Activity Score (DAS-28) in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Authors

  • Nishtha Agarwal Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India; Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology, Amity Univer-sity, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Shweta Dubey Amity Institute of Virology and Immunology, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Sanjeev Kapoor Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India
  • Shriram Garg Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India
  • AN Malaviya Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India
  • Puja Nagpal Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.150420243436

Keywords:

Demographic profile, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Body-Mass Index, periodontitis

Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is the most common autoimmune disease. RA can cause permanent deformity and loss of productivity. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the relationship of BMI with Disease Activity Score in RA patients. The secondary objective was to evaluate the presence of comorbidities such as diabetes, thyroid, hypertension, periodontitis, and pregnancy outcomes (in the case of females) in the RA patients population presented at the tertiary healthcare centre.

Method: The presented study was a cross-sectional study. 100 Patients presented to the joint clinic were recruited. RA diagnosis of patients was based on the ACR/ELULAR criteria. Their demographic and clinical data was collected through one-on-one interviews.

Results: The recruited population shows that BMI has a moderate positive correlation (r=0.347, p=0.001) with disease activity scores. 51% of RA patients have one or more comorbidities. 45.2 % of female RA patients suffered one or two miscarriages during their pregnancy. It is significantly higher as compared normal female population.

Conclusions: Active control of BMI may be required to prevent RA symptom aggravation. RA patients are prone to develop comorbidities and females with RA may need close monitoring during their pregnancy period.

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Published

2024-04-01

How to Cite

1.
Agarwal N, Dubey S, Kapoor S, Garg S, Malaviya A, Nagpal P. Correlation of Body Mass Index and Disease Activity Score (DAS-28) in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 22];15(04):283-8. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/3436

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Original Research Articles