Perspectives of Road Traffic Injuries: An Additional Task in the List of Non-Communicable Diseases from the Tertiary Cen-tre Hospital of North India


  • Mehar Bano Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand
  • Sadhana Awasthi Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand
  • Anupama Arya Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand
  • CMS Rawat Government Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand


Road traffic accidents, epidemiology, Injury, Non-communicable disease


Background: The World Health Organisation’s Global Status Report on Road Safety highlighted that more people die in road traffic accidents in India than anywhere else in the world, including the more populous China.

Objective: To assess the socio-demographic profile, pattern of injuries incurred by the victims along with some antecedent factors influencing these road traffic accidents (RTAs) like alcohol presence, months of occurrence etc

Methods: Descriptive Cross-sectional Retrospective Study of 2 consecutive years of 2012 & 2013 was carried out in a tertiary care centre. All the RTA cases in the 2 years recorded in the department case sheets file deposited in the medical records department (MRD) was taken for study.

Results: The 55.4% in 2012 and 40.6% in 2013 were young drivers with males exceeded the females. The 4 mass casualties were also occurred in the 2013.

Conclusion: Most of them were young road users with males predominantly involved in accident bothyears. The accident severity rate in terms of number of deaths per 100 cases was 6.6% in 2012 and 4.1% in 2013. Lacerations was the commonest injury.


Dash DK. India Leads World in Road Deaths: WHO. The Times of India, Aug 17; 2009

Pedon M, SR, Sleet D, Mohan D, Hyder AA, Jarawan E. World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. WHO 2004.

Krug EG, Sharma GK, Lozano R. The Global Burden of Inju-ries. Am J Public Health, 2000; 90: 523-526.

Gururaj, G. 2006. Road traffic injury prevention in India. Bangalore: NIMHANS.

Mohan, D. 2009. Road accidents in India. Journal of Interna-tional Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences, 33, 75-79.

https:// sustainable

Road Accidents in India-2015: Government of India, Minis-try of Road Transport & Highways, Transport Research Wing, New Delhi.

Haddon, W. The Changing Approach to the Epidemiology, Prevention and Amelioration of Trauma: The Transition to Approaches Etiologically Rather Than Descriptively Based. American Journal of Public Health, 58, 1968: 1431-1438.

Haddon, W. On the Escape of Tigers: An Ecological Note. Originally Published 1970 in MIT Technology Review, 72(7). Republished 2000 as Ch. 2 in Mohan, D and Tiwari, G (eds). Injury Prevention & Control, London: Taylor and Francis.

Haddon, W. A Logical Framework for Categorizing High-way Safety Phenomena and Activity. The Journal of Trau-ma, 12 (3), 1972: 193-207.

Haddon, W. Advances in the Epidemiology of Injuries as a Basis for Public Policy. Public Health Reports, 95(5), 1980: 411-421.

Rumar K. Transport Safety visions, targets & strategies: be-yond 2000. Brussels, European Transport Safety Council, 1999 (1st European Transport Safety Lecture) http: // www., accessed 30 October 2003)

Shibajee Debbarma, Seema Nigam, Dinesh Singh Martolia, Punit Varma, Santosh Kumar Barman,Tanu Midha. Corre-lates of Road Traffic Accident in Cases Attending Lala Lajpat Rai Hospital, Kanpur. Indian Journal of Community Health, Jan-Mar 2016, Vol 28, issue no1.

Aggarwal KK, Oberai SS. Distribution of Fatal Road Traffic Accident Cases. J Punjab Acad Forensic Med Toxicol, 2009; 9(1): 9-11.

Suryanarayana S, Gautham M, Manjunath M, Narendranath V. Surveillance of Injuries in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Indi-an J Community Med, Jan 2010; 35(1): 191-2.

Menon GR, Gururaj G, Tambe M, Shah B. A Multi-sectoral Approach to Capture Information on Road Traffic Injuries. Indian J Community Med, Apr 2010; 35(2): 305-10.

Pruthi N, Ashok M, Kumar VS, Jhavar K, Sampath S, Devi BI. Magnitude of Pedestrian Head Injuries & Amp; Fatali-ties in Bangalore, South India: a Retrospective Study from an Apex Neurotrauma Centre. Indian J Med Res, Dec 2012; 136(6): 1039-43.

Madan VS. Road traffic Accidents: Emergency Epidemic. Indian J Neurotrauma,2006; 3(1):1-3.

Manna N, Malik S, Mandal PK, Chakraborty D, Sardar JC, Pritibikash H, Gupta SD. Epidemiological Factors of Road Traffic Accidents: A Study in a Tertiary Care Setting in In-dia. J Pak Med Stud, 2013; 3(1): 48-53.

P Shruthi, VT Venkatesh, B Viswakanth, C Ramesh, PL Sujatha, IR Dominic. Analysis of Fatal Road Traffic Acci-dents in a Metropolitan City of South India. J Indian Acad Forensic Med, Oct-Dec 2013; 35(4)

Ganveer GB, Tiwari RR. Injury Pattern among non-fatal Road Traffic Accident Cases: A Cross-sectional Study in Central India.Indian J Med Sci, 2005; 59:9-12.

Malhotra C, Singh MM, Garg S, Malhotra R, Dhaon BK, Mehra M. Pattern & Severity of Injuries in Victims of Road Traffic Crashes Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital of Delhi. Anil Aggrawal’s Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology,2005; 6(2).

Abhishek Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Rambha Pathak, SK Ahluwalia. An Epidemiological Study of Road Traffic Acci-dent Cases at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Rural Haryana. Indian Journal of Community Health, 2011; 23(2)

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention, prevention, WHO 2004.

Biswas G, Verma SK, Sharma JJ, Aggarwal NK. Pattern of Road Traffic Accidents in North East Delhi. Journal of Fo-rensic Medicine & Toxicology, 2003; 20(1): 27-32.

Tiwary RR, Ganveer GB. A Study on Human Risk Factors in Non-fatal Road Traffic Accidents at Nagpur. IJPH 2008, 52(4): 197-99

Patil SS, Kakade RV, Durgawale PM, Kakade SV. Pattern of Road Traffic Injuries: a Study from Western Maharashtra. IJCM, 2008; 33(1):56-7

Singh H, Dhattarwal SK. Pattern and Distribution of Injuries in Fatal Road Traffic Accidents in Rohtak (Haryana).JIAFM, 2004; 26(1):20-23

Menta SP. An Epidemiological Study of Road Traffic Acci-dent Cases Admitted in Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 1968; 56(4): 456-466

Stallones RA and Corsal L. Epidemiology of Childhood Accidents in Two California Countries. Public Health Re-port ,1961; 76(1): 25-36.




How to Cite

Bano M, Awasthi S, Arya A, Rawat C. Perspectives of Road Traffic Injuries: An Additional Task in the List of Non-Communicable Diseases from the Tertiary Cen-tre Hospital of North India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2017 May 31 [cited 2024 May 29];8(05):250-6. Available from:



Original Research Articles