Prevalence of Anemia and Its determinants among Pregnant Women in a Rural community of Jhalawar, Rajasthan

Authors

  • Vinod Kumar Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
  • Mayank Jain Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
  • Umashankar Shukla Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
  • Madhusudan Swarnkar Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
  • Pankaj Gupta Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
  • Priyanka Saini Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan

Keywords:

Anemia, Pregnant women, IFA, Rajasthan, Cross sectional study

Abstract

Introduction: Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional deficiency in pregnant women. WHO estimates that anaemia affects 33% of women of reproductive age globally (about 613 million women between 15 and 49 years of age). Anaemia in pregnancy is a major issue in form of abortion, premature birth, in- trauterine growth retardation, high infant mortality and 20 to 40 percent maternal death of India. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and to determine association of anemia with socio-demographic factors.

Material and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among the pregnant women of rural area. A pre- designed and pre-tested proforma was used to collect the informa- tion regarding socio-demographic characteristics and possible risk factors of anemia. Association was established by using chi square test.

Results: The Prevalence of anemia among the pregnant women was 81.8%. 35.0% women were mild anemic, 45.4% were moderate and 1.4% were severe anemic. Occurrence of anemia was signifi- cantly associated with age, occupation, Parity, Timing of first ANC check up and IFA consumption of study participants.

Conclusion: A very high prevalence of anemia among pregnant women is a alarming sign and indicator of poor nutritional status and health care utilisation.

References

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Published

2019-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Kumar V, Jain M, Shukla U, Swarnkar M, Gupta P, Saini P. Prevalence of Anemia and Its determinants among Pregnant Women in a Rural community of Jhalawar, Rajasthan. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];10(04):207-11. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/486

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