Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Glycaemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

Authors

  • Raja Danasekaran Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research & Education, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Gowthamkarthic Ravichandhiran KLE JGMMMC, Hubli, KLE Academy of Higher education and research, Hubballi, Karnataka, India
  • Soumya Agadi PSP Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Hari Krishnan R Chettinad Hospital & Research Institute, Chettinad Academy of Research & Education, Kelambakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.150720244069

Keywords:

Vitamin D, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, glycemic control, quality of life, supplementation

Abstract

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern affecting diverse populations and it has been linked to various ailments. This study aimed to investigate vitamin D levels among T2DM patients and evaluate the impact of supplementation on those deficient, alongside its effect on quality of life and comorbidities.

Methodology: A double-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted among T2DM patients aged 18-75 years with HbA1c ≥ 7% and vitamin D deficiency (<12 ng/mL). Participants were divided into intervention (vitamin D supplementation) and control (placebo) groups. Data on demographics, diabetic status, and comorbidities were collected. Blood samples were analyzed for HbA1c and Vitamin D levels.

Results: Of the 66 participants initially recruited, 60 completed the study. No adverse effects were observed. There was no significant difference in glycemic control between the intervention and control groups at 3 and 6 months. Quality of life showed no significant improvement with supplementation.

Conclusion: This study did not find evidence supporting the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in improving glycemic control or quality of life among T2DM patients with vitamin D deficiency. Further research is warranted to explore alternative interventions or factors influencing glycemic control and quality of life in T2DM patients.

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Published

2024-07-01

How to Cite

1.
Danasekaran R, Gowthamkarthic Ravichandhiran, Agadi S, Hari Krishnan R. Impact of Vitamin D Supplementation on Glycaemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];15(07):519-25. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/4069

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