Risk Factor Analysis of Stunting in Children Aged 6-23 Months in Tanralili District, Maros Regency, Indonesia


  • Agussalim Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Andi Zulkifli Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Nur Nasry Noor Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Ansariadi Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Stang Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
  • Shanti Riskiyani Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia




Stunting, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Anemia, Low Birth Weight, Household Sanitation


Background: The high rate of stunting is still a nutritional problem in children in Indonesia which has an impact on the quality of future generations. The study aims to determine the risk factors for stunting in children aged 6-23 months in Tanralili District, Maros Regency.

Methodology: This study used a case control study design. The sampling technique uses the side exhaustive method with a ratio of 1: 1, as many as 260 samples consisting of 130 cases and 130 controls. Stata program version 17 is used for data analysis.

Results: Risk factors associated with stunting were maternal age <20 or 35 years (OR=1.953), lower-middle family income (OR=1.947), antenatal care <4 visits (OR=1,820), anemia (OR=2.252), chronic energy deficiency (OR=2.261), low birth weight (OR=2,595), exclusive breastfeeding (OR=2.448), poor home sanitation (OR=2.226;). Working mothers are a protective factor against stunting (OR=0.819). Multivariate analysis shows that exclusive breastfeeding is the dominant risk factor for stunting.

Conclusion: Risk factors for stunting come from mother, child, as well as environmental and family economic factors. The need for integrated and multisectoral programs to increase family income, access to proper home sanitation, maternal education on pregnancy and nutrition and exclusive breastfeeding to reduce the incidence of stunting.


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How to Cite

Agussalim, Zulkifli A, Noor NN, Ansariadi, Stang, Riskiyani S. Risk Factor Analysis of Stunting in Children Aged 6-23 Months in Tanralili District, Maros Regency, Indonesia. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];15(07):559-65. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/4014



Original Research Articles