Exploration of Risk Factors for Hemorrhoids in the Zhuang Population of Guangxi: A Case-Control Study


  • Huabei Wu Mahasarakham University, Ban Tha Khon Yang, Kantra Vichai, Thailand
  • Sumattana Glangkarn Mahasarakham University, Ban Tha Khon Yang, Kantra Vichai, Thailand
  • Rujira Nonsa-ard Mahasarakham University, Ban Tha Khon Yang, Kantra Vichai, Thailand
  • Nachalida Yukalang Mahasarakham University, Ban Tha Khon Yang, Kantra Vichai, Thailand
  • Shijie Yin Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine University, Nanning, Guangxi, China




Hemorrhoids, Risk factors, Zhuang Population


Background The prevalence of hemorrhoids in Chinese urban and rural residents is very high. However, the factors affecting the occurrence of hemorrhoids are not very clear, which is disadvantageous to the prevention of hemorrhoids. Objective: To explore the external environment and behavioral influencing factors of hemorrhoidsin the Zhuang population of Guangxi, China, and provide a basis for the prevention of hemorrhoids.

Methodology: A case-control study method was used to collect hemorrhoid patients and non-hemorrhoid patients from the same hospital and department as the case group and control group. A self-made questionnaire was used to investigate the education level, family income, alcohol consumption, diet, taste, work position, and other information of the two groups of patients, and logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between various exposure factors and hemorrhoids.

Result: A total of 11 variables were analyzed in this study, and it was found that education level, constipation, chronic gastritis, and dietary taste were associated with hemorrhoids (OR=2.02, 95% CI: 1.16, 3.52; OR=2.70, 95% CI: 1.50, 4.87; OR=1.96, 95% CI: 1.14, 3.36; OR=0.50, 95% CI: 0.28, 0.89).

Conclusion Education level, constipation, and chronic gastritis can increase the risk of hemorrhoids, while bland diet can reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.


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How to Cite

Wu H, Glangkarn S, Nonsa-ard R, Yukalang N, Yin S. Exploration of Risk Factors for Hemorrhoids in the Zhuang Population of Guangxi: A Case-Control Study. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];15(06):421-8. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/3907



Original Research Articles