Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Biomedical Waste Management Amongst Health Care Personnel in A Medical College Hospital in Trivandrum

Authors

  • Rawat Ranu Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum
  • Kumar Santosh Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum
  • Leela Manju Sree Gokulam Medical College and Research Foundation, Trivandrum

Keywords:

KAP, Biomedical Waste Management, Healthcare personnel, Health Care Waste Management

Abstract

Introduction: Health-care establishments generate huge quantities of both hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Correct knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) for Biomedical Waste Management (BWM) by the health care personals therefore becomes imperative. This study was undertaken to assess KAP regarding Biomedical Waste and to determine the correlation between KAP and profes- sional category.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted amongst 320 Health care Personnels. A pre-designed and pre- tested structured questionnaire was used for data collection. A self made scoring system was devised to categorize KAP as good, av- erage and poor. Data entry and analysis was done using SPSS ver- sion 20.

Results: Doctors had majority of those with good knowledge and attitude, nurses had the same in practice while cleaning staff had majority of those with poor KAP as compared to all other catego- ries. An average level of KAP was most prevalent in each category. Knowledge and Practice were found to have significant positive correlation with professional category (p-value= 0.002 and p-value

<0.001) respectively but not attitude (p-value=0.110).

Conclusion: Training needs to be intensified especially for clean- ing staff as majority of those possessing poor KAP levels belonged to them and also for others as majority in each professional cate- gory possessed an average KAP level.

References

Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules 1998, 2000, Ministry of Environment and Forests Notifica- tion, New Delhi.

Safe management of waste from health care activities. WHO, Geneva; 1999.

Pandit NB, Mehta HK, Kartha GP, Choudhary SK. Man- agement of bio-medical waste: Awareness and practices in a district of Gujarat. Indian J Public Health. 2005;49:245–7.

Rao PH. Report: Hospital waste management--awareness and practices: A study of three states in India.Waste Man- age Res. 2008;26:297–303.

Kishore J, Goel P, Sagar B, Joshi TK. Awareness about biomedical waste management and infection control among dentists of a teaching hospital in New Delhi, In- dia. Indian J Dent Res. 2000;11:157–61

Saini S, Nagarajan SS, Sharma RK. Knowledge, attitude and practices of bio-medical waste management amongst staff of a tertiary level hospital in India. J Acad Hosp Admin. 2005;17(2):1-12.

Deepali Deo, Tak SB, Munde SS. A study of knowledge regarding biomedical waste management among em- ployees of a teaching hospital in rural area. J ISHWM 2006;1:12-6.

Mathur V, Dwivedi S, Hassan M, Misra R. Knowledge, attitude, and practices about biomedical waste manage- ment among healthcare personnel: a crosssectional study. Indian J Community Med 2011;36(2): 143-5.

Bathma V, Likhar SK, Mishra MK, Athavale AV, Agarwal S, Shukla US. Knowledge assessment of hospital staff re- garding biomedical waste management in a tertiary care hospital. Nat J Commun Med 2012;3(2):197-200.

Tenglikar PV, Kumar GA, Kapate R, Reddy S, Vijayanath

V. Knowledge attitude and practices of health care waste management amongst staff of nursing homes of Gulbar- gacity. J Pharm Biomed Sci 2012;19(12):1-3.

Bansal M, Mishra A, Gautam P, Changulani R, Srivastava D,Gour NS. Knowledge and awareness regarding BWM among employees of a tertiary care hospital. Indian Jour- nal of Community Health 2013;25(1):86-88

Sengodan VC, Amruth KH Knowledge attitude and prac- tice study on biomedical waste management among health care professionals and paramedical students in a Tertiary Care Government Hospital in South India International Journal of Environmental Health Engineering 2013 ;2(5):12- 16.

A Malini, Eshwar Bala Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Biomedical waste management among health care per- sonnel in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry Interna- tional Journal of Biomedical Research 2015; 6(03): 172-176.

Sharma S , Chauhan S V, Assessment of biomedical waste management in three apex government hospitals of Agra, Journal of Environmental Biology, 2008, March,29(2):159- 162

Mostafa G M A, Shazly M M, Sherief W F, Development of a waste management protocol based on knowledge and practice of health personnel in surgical Departments, Waste management, 2008; 29:430-43

Ismail MI,Kulkarni A G., Kamble S V., Borker S A, R Rekha,M Amruth.Knowledge, attitude and practice about bio-medical waste management among personnel of a ter- tiary health care institute in Dakshina Kannada, Karna- taka. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2013; 6(4): 376-380.

Downloads

Published

2016-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Ranu R, Santosh K, Manju L. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Biomedical Waste Management Amongst Health Care Personnel in A Medical College Hospital in Trivandrum. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2016 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];7(06):457-60. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/976

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles