Unveiling Mental Health Perspectives: Nursing Students' Attitudes Towards Spirituality


  • Jigyasha Sharma Chitkara School of Health Sciences, Chitkara University, Punjab, India
  • Kanika Rai Chitkara School of Health Sciences, Chitkara University, Punjab, India




Spirituality, Mental health, Attitude, Nursing students


Background: The correlation between spirituality and mental health has transmute a subject of growing significance and importance, particularly within the realms of educational institutions and healthcare facilities. Student nurses encounter difficulties in providing spiritual care to patients and consider it beyond their area of expertise on account of inadequate nursing education and training. The primary objective of this quantitative survey was to ascertain the perceptions and attitudes of nursing students towards spirituality, as well as their perspectives on its integration within their professional practice.

Methodology: Eighty subjects were randomly included in the study. The subjects were between 17 to 24 years and belonged to all the four religions. They filled the Likert scale having items pertaining to their attitude towards spirituality. The data analysis was conducted using IBM SPSS version 20.

Result: The mean attitude score was 3.71 ± 0.45. Most (69.3%) of the students responded “agree and strongly agree” to the items in the scale reflecting their favorable attitude towards spirituality. The religion significantly affected their attitude (p<0.05). A correlation was also observed between students' religious beliefs and their spiritual orientation.

Conclusion: The present study conclude that the students possess a favorable attitude towards spirituality.


Kaur M, Guleria K, Anisha. Study to Assess the Level of Stress among Nursing students. Medico-Legal Updat. 2021 Jan 4;21(1):503-7.

Kaur Kang H, Rhodes C, Rivers E, Thornton CP, Rodney T. Prevalence of mental health disorders among undergraduate university students in the United States: A review. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2021 Feb 1;59(2):17-24. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20201104-03 PMid:33180947

Verghese A. Spirituality and mental health. Indian J Psychiatry [Internet]. 2008 [cited 2023 Sep 9];50(4):233. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.44742 PMid:19823605 PMCid:PMC2755140

Puchalski CM. The role of spirituality in health care. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) [Internet]. 2001 Oct [cited 2023 Sep 9];14(4):352. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2001.11927788 PMid:16369646 PMCid:PMC1305900

Crabbe DR. Emotional Health vs Mental Health - Free by the Sea - WA [Internet]. 2023 [cited 2023 Sep 9]. Available from: https://freebythesea.com/emotional-health-vs-mental-health/

Seybold KS, Hill PC. The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Mental and Physical Health. https://doi.org/101111/1467-872100106 [Internet]. 2001 Feb 1 [cited 2023 Sep 9];10(1):21-4. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.00106

Ghorbani M, Mohammadi E, Aghabozorgi R, Ramezani M. Spiritual care interventions in nursing: an integrative literature review. Support Care Cancer [Internet]. 2021 Mar 1 [cited 2024 Mar 15];29(3):1165-81. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05747-9 PMid:32929533

Minton ME, Isaacson MJ, Varilek BM, Stadick JL, O'Connell-Persaud S. A willingness to go there: Nurses and spiritual care. J Clin Nurs [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2024 Mar 15];27(1-2):173-81. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.13867 PMid:28474751

de Diego-Cordero R, López-Tarrida ÁC, Linero-Narváez C, Galán González-Serna JM. "More Spiritual Health Professionals Provide Different Care": A Qualitative Study in the Field of Mental Health. Healthc 2023, Vol 11, Page 303 [Internet]. 2023 Jan 19 [cited 2023 Sep 9];11(3):303. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare11030303 PMid:36766878 PMCid:PMC9914072

Cheng Q, Liu X, Li X, Wang Y, Lin Q, Qing L, et al. Spiritual care competence and its relationship with self-efficacy: An online survey among nurses in mainland China. J Nurs Manag [Internet]. 2021 Mar 1 [cited 2024 Mar 15];29(2):326-32. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13157 PMid:32914508

Prentis S, Rogers M, Wattis J, Jones J, Stephenson J. Healthcare lecturers' perceptions of spirituality in education. Nurs Stand [Internet]. 2014 Sep 23 [cited 2023 Oct 18];29(3):44-52. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.29.3.44.e8584 PMid:25227386

Neeleman J, King MB. Psychiatrists' religious attitudes in relation to their clinical practice: a survey of 231 psychiatrists. Acta Psychiatr Scand [Internet]. 1993 [cited 2023 Oct 20];88(6):420-4. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1993.tb03484.x PMid:8310849

Rogers M, Wattis J, Stephenson J, Khan W, Curran S. A questionnaire-based study of attitudes to spirituality in mental health practitioners and the relevance of the concept of spiritually competent care. Int J Ment Health Nurs [Internet]. 2019 Oct 1 [cited 2023 Oct 20];28(5):1162-72. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12628 PMid:31286640

Yamada AM, Lukoff D, Lim CSF, Mancuso LL. Integrating spirituality and mental health: Perspectives of adults receiving public mental health services in California. Psycholog Relig Spiritual. 2020 Aug 1;12(3):276-87. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000260

Dilmaghani M. Importance of Religion or Spirituality and Mental Health in Canada. J Relig Health [Internet]. 2018 Feb 1 [cited 2023 Oct 20];57(1):120-35. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0385-1 PMid:28315988

Jafari E, Dehshiri GR, Eskandari H, Najafi M, Heshmati R, Hoseinifar J. Spiritual well-being and mental health in university students. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2023 Oct 20];5:1477-81. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.311

Fowler JW, Levin RW. Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning [Internet]. 1984 [cited 2023 Oct 20]. Available from: https://philpapers.org/rec/FOWSOF

Ventis WL. The Relationships Between Religion and Mental Health. J Soc Issues. 1995 Jul;51(2):33-48. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1995.tb01322.x




How to Cite

Sharma J, Rai K. Unveiling Mental Health Perspectives: Nursing Students’ Attitudes Towards Spirituality. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 May 1 [cited 2024 May 29];15(05):416-20. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/3756



Short Communication