Nutritional Status of Pre-School Children Attending Anganwadi Centres in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India

Authors

  • C Sravana Deepthi Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Chittoor, India
  • Erigela Mallikarjuna Reddy Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Chittoor, India
  • Sirshendu Chaudhuri Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7375-7851
  • Syed Rizwana Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Chittoor, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.131120222415

Keywords:

India, Malnutrition, Preschool child, Severe acute malnutrition, Stunting

Abstract

Context/Background: Malnutrition among children is a long-standing public health problem in India.

Objective: To assess the nutritional status of pre-school children and to identify the socio-demographic determinants of malnutrition.

Methodology: In this community-based cross-sectional study, 194 under-five children were recruited from rural and urban areas of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh. Anthropometric measurements including weight, and mid upper arm circumference were measured and age standardized weight-for-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ), and weight-for-height (WHZ) were calculated. The proportion of under nutrition (WAZ <-2 standard deviation (SD)), stunting (HAZ <-2SD), and wasting (WHZ <-2SD) were calculated along with the determinants.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 40.5 months (SD- 9.1 months), 101 (52.1%) were from rural areas, and 96 (495%) female. The median z-scores for WAZ, HAZ, and WHZ were -1.22, -0.98, and -0.78respectively. The HAZ values were significantly low in- urban children (-0.81; 95% CI: -0.4, -1.21), among the non-Hindu children (-0.92; 95% CI: -0.35, -1.5). The overall prevalence of underweight, stunting, and wasting were- 13.4% (95% CI: 8.5%, 18.3%), 23.7% (95% CI: 17.6%, 29.8%), and 19.6% (95% CI: 11.9%, 25.3%) respectively. There were a total 16 (8.3%, 95% CI: 5.6%, 11.0%) severely malnourished children. Urban residence (OR 6.75; 95% CI: 3.03 – 15.04) was a strong predictor of stunting.

Conclusion: Malnutrition remains to be a public health problem in this area. Strengthening of existing program implementation coupled with evidence generation on malnutrition can be the key strategies in combating malnutrition.

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Published

2022-11-30

How to Cite

1.
C SD, Reddy EM, Chaudhuri S, Syed R. Nutritional Status of Pre-School Children Attending Anganwadi Centres in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];13(11):828-34. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/2415

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