A Cohort Study to Evaluate the Effect of Nutritional Intervention on Severe Acute Malnutrition Children Admitted to A Nutritional Rehabilitation Centre in A Tertiary Care Hospital in Central Gujarat, India

Authors

  • Foram Panchal M. K. Shah Medical College & Research Centre, Ahmedabad, India
  • Rahul Parmar Medical College Baroda, Vadodara, India
  • Kalpita Shringarpure Medical College Baroda, Vadodara, India
  • Jivraj Damor Medical College Baroda, Vadodara, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.150720243583

Keywords:

Severe acute malnutrition, Nutritional Rehabilitation Centre, Under five children, Anthropometric Indicators

Abstract

Background: Undernutrition is one of the most concerning health and development issues in India as well as in the world. Nutritional rehabilitation centres (NRC) were started by Government of India to control severe acute malnutrition. The aim is to assess the effect of nutrition interventional measures for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) children admitted at NRC through selected anthropometric indicators.

Methodology: A hospital-based prospective cohort study was conducted at NRC of SSG Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat from April to September 2022, all children of 6-60 months of age admitted during this period were observed during their stay with three follow-ups after discharge at 15 days interval. The data was entered in Microsoft Excel and was analysed using Medcalc Software.

Results: A total of 76 children were analysed for anthropometric indicators. A statistically significant difference was obtained between the weight of children at admission, discharge and 3 follow-ups (ANOVA=141, p<0.001); difference of mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) (ANOVA=84.2, p<0.001) and difference of height (ANOVA=43.3. p<0.001) at admission, discharge and follow-up were also statistically significant.

Conclusions: NRCs have had a positive impact on the selected anthropometric indicators of severe malnourished children but lag behind proper follow-up visits.

References

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Published

2024-07-01

How to Cite

1.
Panchal F, Parmar R, Shringarpure K, Damor J. A Cohort Study to Evaluate the Effect of Nutritional Intervention on Severe Acute Malnutrition Children Admitted to A Nutritional Rehabilitation Centre in A Tertiary Care Hospital in Central Gujarat, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2024 Jul. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];15(07):546-52. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/3583

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Original Research Articles