Effect of Supply Chain Disruption in Dental Practice During Covid-19 Pandemic: An Indian Perspective

Authors

  • Vibha Joshi Resource Centre Health Technology Assessment, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • Nitin Joshi School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • Komal Bajaj Consultant Dental Surgeon, Jodhpur, India
  • Pankaj Bharadwaj School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • Kuldeep Singh School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55489/njcm.130920222144

Keywords:

Covid-19, bullwhip, dental, cost

Abstract

Disruption during Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the need for healthcare supply chain management in order to achieve effective delivery of health services. Though considerable efforts have been undertaken on managing the healthcare supply chain disruptions in India but there is a paucity of literature that documented the effect of supply chain disruptions in dental practices during a covid-19 pandemic. During a pandemic, the disruptions in production and distribution of dental products were seen in India. Indian dental market is largely dependent on imports and there is a scarcity of local production units. The main dental companies reported a significant decline in production during the first wave of Covid-19. The increase in demand for dental supplies was seen with a shutdown, shortage of labor, and scarcity of raw materials. Disruption rippled through the supply chain and this was caused by a large distortion in demand. This phenomenon led to the bullwhip effect. This bullwhip effect crisis led to increased costs in dental practices. Covid19 has shown a significant lack of resilience in the Indian dental healthcare supply chain. This study identified a few loopholes in the dental supply chain and suggested a way forward for managing the supply chain disruptions. It seems that there is a need for more comprehensive research on dental supply chain resilience from an Indian perspective to prevent disruptions, particularly in emergent situations.

References

Zamiela C, Hossain N, Jaradat R. Enablers of resilience in the healthcare supply chain: A case study of U.S healthcare industry during COVID-19 pandemic. Research in Transportation Economics. 2021; 101174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2021.101174

Alajmi A, Adlan N, Lahyani R. Assessment of Supply Chain Management Resilience within Saudi Medical Laboratories during Covid-19 Pandemic. Procedia CIRP.2021; 103:32-36. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2021.10.004 PMid:35169538 PMCid:PMC8831797

Arora M, Gigras Y. Importance of Supply Chain Management in Healthcare of Third World Countries. International Journal of Supply and Operations Management.2018; 5(1): 101-106.

Mathew J, John J, Kumar S. New Trends in Healthcare Supply chain. Operations Management. 2013.

Addressing the supply chain problems in the healthcare industry [Internet]. Biospectrumindia.com. 2022 [Accessed December 18th, 2021]. Available from: https://www.biospectrumindia.com/views/21/13617/addressing-the-supply-chain-problems-in-the-healthcare-industry.html

Sharma S, Parolia A, Kanagasingam S. A Review on COVID-19 Mediated Impacts and Risk Mitigation Strategies for Dental Health Pro-fessionals. European Journal of Dentistry. 2020; 14(S 01):S159-S164. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1718240 PMid:33167046 PMCid:PMC7775253

Sharma A, Gupta P, Jha R. COVID-19: Impact on Health Supply Chain and Lessons to Be Learnt. Journal of Health Management. 2020; 22(2):248-261. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972063420935653

Vinola S, Sekar M. COVID-19 and its impact on dental health-care professionals. Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry. 2021; 11(2):55. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/jid.jid_32_21

Joshi VP, Parmar T. The effect of covid-19 pandemic on the dental practice in Gandhinagar (Gujarat, India): A survey-based report. A Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2021; 4(2): 71-75.

Bhanushali P, Katge F, Deshpande S, Chimata V, Shetty S, Pradhan D. COVID-19: Changing Trends and Its Impact on Future of Dentis-try. International Journal of Dentistry. 2020; 2020:1-6. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8817424 PMid:32565812 PMCid:PMC7260644

Kalendrian E, Xiao Y, Spallek H, et al. COVID-19 and Dentistry: Challenges and Opportunities for Providing Safe Care. PSNeT. 2020.

Sharma N, Hasan Z, Velayudhan A, M. A. E, Mangal D, Gupta S. Personal Protective Equipment: Challenges and Strategies to Combat COVID-19 in India: A Narrative Review. Journal of Health Management. 2020; 22(2):157-168. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0972063420935540

Abrar E, Abduljabbar A, Naseem M, Panhwar M, Vohra F, Abduljabbar T. Evaluating the Influence of COVID-19 Among Dental Practi-tioners After Lockdown. INQUIRY: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing. 2021; 58: 004695802110607. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/00469580211060753 PMid:34928738 PMCid:PMC8721685

Supply chain disruptions fueling higher supply costs for dental practices [Internet]. Nysdental.org. 2022 [Accessed December 20th, 2021]. Available from: https://www.nysdental.org/news-publications/news/2021/11/15/supply-chain-disruptions-fueling-higher-supply-costs-for-dental-practices

Afshan N, Sindhuja P. Supply chain integration in healthcare industry in India: challenges and opportunities. J. Global Business Ad-vancement. 2015; 8(4): 469. Doi:https://doi.org/10.1504/JGBA.2015.074029

Zaware N, Pawar A, Kale S, Surve M. Exploration of Market Potential Towards Dental Material Brands: An Assessment with Prefer-ences of Dentists in India. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 2020; 24(7): 4015-4026. Doi: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3819251

Will India be the next big dental market? [Internet]. Dental Tribune International. 2022 [Accessed January 2nd, 2022]. Available from: https://www.dental-tribune.com/news/will-india-be-the-next-big-dental-market/

Indian Dental Association (IDA). Healthcare and Dental Industry in India. 2015 [Accessed January 6th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.wds.org.in/PDF/Generaloralhealth.pdf

A Complete Guide to the Dental Procurement Lifecycle- CureMint [Internet]. CureMint. 2022[Accessed January 6th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.curemint.io/blog/dental-procurement-lifecycle-guide/

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). National guidelines for safe dental practice during Covid-19 pandemic [Internet]. Government of India; 2021[Accessed January 8th, 2022]. Available from: https://covid19.india.gov.in/document/national-guidelines-for-safe-dental-practice-during-covid-19-pandemic/

International Finance Cooperation (IFC). Covid-19- PPE demand & supply perspectives [Internet]. 2020. [Accessed January 10th, 2022 ]. Available from: https://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/2cc7a64f-0f32-4ea9-b320-d2fcae9680e5/FCDO_GlobalPPE_Webinar_Presentation_March+2021-.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CVID=nzhmJkk

COVID-19 impact assessment and outlook on personal protective equipment [Internet]. Unicef.org. 2022 [Accessed January 12th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.unicef.org/supply/stories/covid-19-impact-assessment-and-outlook-personal-protective-equipment

Park C, Kim K, Roth S. Global Shortage of Personal Protective Equipment amid Covid-19: Supply Chains, Bottlenecks, and Policy Im-plications [Internet]. Asian Development Bank. 2020 [Accessed January 12th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.adb.org/publications/shortage-ppe-covid-19-supply-chains-bottlenecks-policy. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22617/BRF200128-2

Glove industry gains as demand surges due to Covid-19 [Internet]. Moneycontrol. 2021 [Accessed January 15th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/glove-industry-gains-as-demand-surges-due-to-covid-19-7109101.html

Govt invokes Disaster Management Act to ensure price regulation of masks, hand sanitisers, gloves [Internet]. Business-standard.com.2020 [Accessed January 15th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/govt-invokes-disaster- management-act-to-ensure-price-regulation-of-masks-hand-sanitisers-gloves-120031400095_1.html

Masks, sanitisers in short supply, medical experts suspect hoarding [Internet]. The New Indian Express. 2020 [Accessed January 18th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/karnataka/2020/mar/05/masks-sanitisers-in-short-supply-medical-experts-suspect-hoarding-2112452.html

Mukherjee W, Bhushan R,Thacker T. Coronavirus masks shortage | Coronavirus terror in India: Sanitisers, masks sold out, prices peak [Internet]. The Economic Times. 2020 [Accessed February 2nd, 2022]. Available from: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/cons-products/fmcg/coronavirus-terror-in-india-sanitisers-masks-sold-out-prices-peak/articleshow/74487298.cms

Purchasing Trends Changing for Dental Supplies, Products, and Practices [Internet]. Dental Products Report. 2021 [Accessed Feb-ruary 6th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.dentalproductsreport.com/view/purchasing-trends-changing-for-dental-supplies-and-products

Glass Ionomer Filling Market in Dental Restoration, Impacted by COVID-19, to Reach US$ 0.46 Billion in 2025, Says Stratview Re-search [Internet]. Stratview Research. 2020 [Accessed February 9th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/glass-ionomer-filling-market-in-dental-restoration-impacted-by-covid-19-to-reach-us-0-46-billion-in-2025-says-stratview-research-301114052.html

Zircon Group Brandvoice: Building Resilient Supply Chains for Healthcare [Internet]. Forbes. 2021 [Accessed February 10th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.forbes.com/sites/zircongroup/2021/06/01/building-resilient-supply-chains-for-healthcare/

Jeremy Booth D. Supply chain crisis increases dental costs [Internet]. Dental Tribune International. 2022 [Accessed February 15th, 2022]. Available from: https://www.dental-tribune.com/news/the-bullwhip-effect-supply-chain-crisis-increases-costs-for-dental-practices/

Gardeva A. 4 challenges impacting the healthcare supply chain- IBM Supply Chain: IBM Supply Chain Blog [Internet]. IBM Supply Chain Blog. 2021 [Accessed Februrary 18th, 2022].Available from: https://www.ibm.com/blogs/supply-chain/4-challenges-impacting-the-healthcare-supply-chain/

Kumar R. The Supply Chain Diversification and India-South Korea Cooperation in a Contested East Asia in the Post-COVID-19 Era. The Journal of Indian and Asian Studies. 2021; 2(2):1-21. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1142/S2717541321400076 https://doi.org/10.1142/S2717541321030017

Managing Supply Chain Risk and Disruption: COVID-19 | Deloitte Global [Internet]. Deloitte. 2020 [Accessed March 2nd, 2022]. Available from: https://www2.deloitte.com/global/en/pages/risk/cyber-strategic-risk/articles/covid-19-managing-supply-chain-risk-and-disruption.html

Ishida S. Perspectives on Supply Chain Management in a Pandemic and the Post-COVID-19 Era. IEEE Engineering Management Re-view. 2020; 48(3):146-152. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/EMR.2020.3016350

Srivastava S, Garg D. Responsive Supply Chain Management in Healthcare Industry: An Overview. Global Journal of Enterprise In-formation System. 2020; 12 (1): 46-53.

Natarajan KV, Prasad S. A supply chain perspective on India's COVID-19 crisis: Lessons from the second wave and preparing for a potential third wave. J Glob Health 2021; 11: 03116. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.11.03116 PMid:34737856 PMCid:PMC8561333

CSIR launches 'Aarogyapath' to provide availability of healthcare supplies [Internet]. Zee News. 2020 [Accessed March 15th, 2022]. Available from: https://zeenews.india.com/india/csir-launches-aarogyapath-to-provide-real-time-availability-of-critical-healthcare-supplies-2289730.html

Downloads

Published

2022-09-30

How to Cite

1.
Joshi V, Joshi N, Bajaj K, Bharadwaj P, Singh K. Effect of Supply Chain Disruption in Dental Practice During Covid-19 Pandemic: An Indian Perspective. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 May 29];13(09):651-4. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/2144

Issue

Section

Review Articles