A Review of Trend of Leprosy Situation in Jamnagar District of Gujarat
Keywords:Evaluation, National Leprosy Elimination Program, Trend of Leprosy
Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the trend of leprosy in Jamnagar district and to evaluate the impact of national leprosy elimination Program in Jamnagar District.
Methodology: This was a retrospective study conducted by analyzing records of District Tuberculosis Center, Jamnagar from April 2000 to March 2011. Different variables like Prevalence rate, Annual New case detection rate, Proportion of MB cases, Grade 2 disability cases, child cases and female cases among new cases etc. were covered in the study.
Results: There was a decrease in prevalence of leprosy in Jamnagar district. Annual case detection rate was decreasing from 12.53 per lakh population in the year 2000–01 to 2.36 per lakh population in the year 2010-11. Proportion of cases released from treatment was rising during initial six years followed by decline during next two years. Child ratio had been declined during the year 2008-09 followed by rise in last two years. There is rising trend of MB cases over years. The trend of deformity and female cases among new cases was not consistent.
Conclusions: The national leprosy elimination Program has impressive impact in maintaining the elimination level of leprosy in a district. Some sincere efforts like improving surveillance activities, IEC activities, improving cases released from treatment etc are still required for further improving leprosy situation in a district.
Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine. 20th edition, Jabalpur, M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publisher, 2009:275-88.
Health and family welfare department, Government of Gujarat, Additional Director Health, NLEP. Available at: http://www.gujhealth.gov.in/le-nlep.htm . Accessed Jan 22, 2012.
NLEP – Progress report for the year 2010-11 ending on 31st March, 2011. Central Leprosy division, Director General of Health Service, Nirmal Bhavan, New Delhi. Available from http://nlep.nic.in/Progress report 2010-11.pdf . Accessed Jan 22, 2012.
Leprosy Training Module for Medical Officers. State Leprosy Cell, Commissionorate of Health, Med. Service & Med. Ed., Gandhinagar, Gujarat. Available from www.gujhealth.gov.in/health_Program/pdf/ leprosy/Leprosy Training Module.pdf ;4-5. Accessed Jan 22, 2012.
World Health Organization. Leprosy Elimination Monitoring (LEM) Guidelines for Monitors, 2000. WHO/CDS/CPE/2000.17. WHO:2000.p08
State Bureau of Health Intelligence, Commissionerate of Health, Medical services and medical education, Government of Gujarat, Gandhinagar. Basic Health statistics Gujarat, 2004-2005. Gandhinagar, Gujarat: Nov 2005. p11
Vital statistics Division, Commissionerate of Health, Medical services, medical education and Research, Gujarat state, Gandhinagar. Health Statistics Gujarat 2010-11:Gandhinagar, Gujarat;Jan 2012. p25
Singh A. Internal evaluation of national leprosy elimination program in tribal Gujarat. Indian J Community Med [serial online] 2010;35:130-3. Available from: http://www.ijcm.org.in/text.asp?2010/35/1/130/62574 Accessed Jan 22, 2012.
Vijayakumaran P, Prasad B, Krishnamurthy P. Trends in new case-detection leprosy in Bihar, India. Indian Journal of Leprosy 2006 Apr-Jun;78(2):145-51.
State Leprosy Office, Commissioner of Health, Gandhinagar. National Leprosy Eradication Programme, Gujarat:Gandhinagar;2010.p8.
Ranganadha Rao PV, Peri S, Porichha D, Nehemaiah E. in Subarnapur. A review of trends in new case-detection in Subarnapur district of Orissa. Indian Journal of Leprosy 2006 Apr-Jun;78(2):153-65.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Author/s retain the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.