Gender Preference, Attitude and Awareness Regarding Sex Determination Among Married Women Attending General OPD & Antenatal Clinic of RDGMC Ujjain, MP, India

Authors

  • Vidit Khandelwal RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain
  • Swarupa V Chakole RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain
  • Harshal Gupta RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain
  • Satish C Mehta RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain

Keywords:

Gender preference, sex determination, antenatal clinic, Ujjain

Abstract

Background: The preference for a son and female feticide continues to be a prevalent norm in traditional Indian household resulting in declining sex ratio, which has dropped to alarming level.

Objective: To evaluate gender preference, attitude and awareness regarding sex determination among married women attending general OPD, antenatal clinic of RDGMC UJJAIN, MP, INDIA. Material and methods: Study was conducted in February - March 2011 that enroll 400 married women of reproductive age group attending general OPD, antenatal clinic of RDGMC Ujjain, MP, India. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit information on socio-demographic and SES of study subjects and assessing their knowledge, attitude and practice regarding sex determination as: preference, reason for preference.

Result: Preferred gender composition was equal no of boy & girls ( 64.5 %) & more boys than girls(23%). 79 % of women were aware about place for sex determination. 69.5 % of women were aware to fact that fetal sex Determination is a crime & 66.5 % of women knew about the punishment for sex determination and implication of feticide. male child preference observed in 40 % of women.

Conclusion: Despite the existence of preconception and prenatal diagnostic technique (PNPCDT), there is dire need to strengthen their law.

References

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Female foeticide in India. C2007. Available from http://www.unicef.org/india/media_3285.htm. [cited on 2010Nov 25].

Census Figures of 2001. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner,New Delhi, India.

Kanitkar T and Mistry M. Status of women in India- an interstate comparison: The Indian Journal of social work: 2000; 381-3.

Puri S, Bhatia V, Swami HM. Gender preference and awareness regarding sex determination among married women in slums of Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med 2007;32:60-2.

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Malahi P, Raina G. Preferences for the gender of children and its implications for reproductive behaviour in urban Himachal Pradesh. J Fam Welfare. 1999; 45:23–3.

International Institute of Population Sciences. National Family Health Survey 2, 1998-99. Mumbai: 1999. pp. 111–20.

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Published

2012-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Khandelwal V, Chakole SV, Gupta H, Mehta SC. Gender Preference, Attitude and Awareness Regarding Sex Determination Among Married Women Attending General OPD & Antenatal Clinic of RDGMC Ujjain, MP, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2012 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];3(02):269-73. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/1694

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Original Research Articles