Gender Preference, Attitude and Awareness Regarding Sex Determination Among Married Women Attending General OPD & Antenatal Clinic of RDGMC Ujjain, MP, India
Keywords:Gender preference, sex determination, antenatal clinic, Ujjain
Background: The preference for a son and female feticide continues to be a prevalent norm in traditional Indian household resulting in declining sex ratio, which has dropped to alarming level.
Objective: To evaluate gender preference, attitude and awareness regarding sex determination among married women attending general OPD, antenatal clinic of RDGMC UJJAIN, MP, INDIA. Material and methods: Study was conducted in February - March 2011 that enroll 400 married women of reproductive age group attending general OPD, antenatal clinic of RDGMC Ujjain, MP, India. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit information on socio-demographic and SES of study subjects and assessing their knowledge, attitude and practice regarding sex determination as: preference, reason for preference.
Result: Preferred gender composition was equal no of boy & girls ( 64.5 %) & more boys than girls(23%). 79 % of women were aware about place for sex determination. 69.5 % of women were aware to fact that fetal sex Determination is a crime & 66.5 % of women knew about the punishment for sex determination and implication of feticide. male child preference observed in 40 % of women.
Conclusion: Despite the existence of preconception and prenatal diagnostic technique (PNPCDT), there is dire need to strengthen their law.
Pakrasi KB, Haldar A. Sex ratios and sex sequences of births in India.JBiosocSci 1971;3:327-37
Female foeticide in India. C2007. Available from http://www.unicef.org/india/media_3285.htm. [cited on 2010Nov 25].
Census Figures of 2001. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner,New Delhi, India.
Kanitkar T and Mistry M. Status of women in India- an interstate comparison: The Indian Journal of social work: 2000; 381-3.
Puri S, Bhatia V, Swami HM. Gender preference and awareness regarding sex determination among married women in slums of Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med 2007;32:60-2.
Puri N. Girl child in India. Journal of Family Welfare 1998; 1-9.
Malahi P, Raina G. Preferences for the gender of children and its implications for reproductive behaviour in urban Himachal Pradesh. J Fam Welfare. 1999; 45:23–3.
International Institute of Population Sciences. National Family Health Survey 2, 1998-99. Mumbai: 1999. pp. 111–20.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author retains the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.