Opinion of Reproductive Mothers on Gender Issues: A Cross Sectional Study in Sub-Urban West Bengal


  • Gandhari Basu College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal
  • Subikas Biswas College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal
  • Suman Kumar Roy College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal


Gender preference, Reproductive age, Contraceptive, Health seeking behaviour, abortion


Background: Literatures reported gender preference among women in different parts of India. The study was conducted to know the opinion of mothers on different areas of gender inequalities, presence of gender preference and the associated factors.

Methodology: The present cross sectional, descriptive study was done among mothers residing in a sub urban community of Nadia district. Data was collected by direct interview.

Results: Among the ninety nine (99) participating mothers, most were Hindu (96), homemaker (91), lived in nuclear family (76) with mean age of 30.89 years. One out of every five mother was illiterate. 23.2% mothers had abortion and 63.6% practiced contraception. Eighty six mothers opined that a couple should have one or two children. Difference in opinion favouring male child was noted. There was no difference in seeking health care, providing more education, sharing of food for either sex. Preference for boy child was similar as girl child (31.3% vs. 26.3%).

Conclusions: In spite of presence of inequalities in opinion, there was no significant gender preference present for either sex. Acculturation and improved female literacy could make the scenario more glorified.


Promoting gender equality: An equity focused approach to programming. Operational guidanceoverview in brief. Available at: https://www.unicef.org/gender/files/ Over-arching_2Pager. Accessed August 1st, 2017

Sustainable development goals. 17 goals to transform our World. Available at: http://www.un.org/sustainable de-velopment/sustainable-development-goals. Accessed Au-gust 1st, 2017

Nair S. More gender inequality in India than Pakistan, Bangladesh: UN. Available at: http://indianexpress.com /article/india/india-news-india. Accessed July 26th , 2017

Declining sex ratio. National foundation of India. Available at: http://www.nfi.org.in/our-programs/community-health/declining-child-sex-ratio. Accessed August 1st, 2017

Vadera BN, Joshi UK, Unadakat SV, Yadav BS, Yadav Sudha. Study on knowledge, attitude and practices regard-ing gender preference and female feticide among pregnant women. Indian J Community Med 2007; 32: 300-1. PubMed

Wadgave HV, Jatti GM, Pore PD. Attitude of Pregnant Women towards the Gender Preference. Indian J Mat Child Health 2011; 13- 17.

Walia I, Kumar V. Utilization of neonatal health care in a community. Indian Pediatr 1984;21:925–31.PubMed

Saha S, Barman M, Gupta A, Chowdhury PD, Sarker G, Pal R. Gender preference among married women in Kolkata metropolitan slum of India. American Journal of Public Health Research 2015; 3(4A): 6-11.

Ashturkar M, Fernandez K, Pandve HT. A cross-sectional study of factors influencing sex preference of a child among married women in reproductive age group in a rural area of Pune, Maharashtra. Indian J Community Med 2010; 35: 442-43. Pubmed

Khandelwal V, Chakole SV, Gupta H, Mehta SC. Gender preference, attitude and awareness regarding sex determi-nation among married women attending general OPD & an-tenatal clinic of RDGMC, Ujjain, MP, India. National J Community Med 2012; 3 (2): 269-73.

Basu G, Biswas S. Present perception on gender related as-pects among tribal mothers of Kalyani, West Bengal. Asian Journal of Medical Science 2017;8(5): 48-53.

Dey IP, Chaudhury RN. Gender preference and its implica-tions on reproductive behavior of mothers in a rural area of West Bengal. Indian J Community Med 2009; 34 (1): 65-7. Pubmed

Puri S, Bhatia V, Swami HM. Gender preference and aware-ness regarding sex determination among married women in slums of Chandigarh. Indian J Community Med 2007; 32: 60-2. Pubmed

Malahi P, Raina G. Preferences for the gender of children and its implications for reproductive behaviour in urban Himachal Pradesh. J Fam Welfare 1999; 45: 23-30. Pubmed




How to Cite

Basu G, Biswas S, Roy SK. Opinion of Reproductive Mothers on Gender Issues: A Cross Sectional Study in Sub-Urban West Bengal. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2017 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 May 29];8(11):678-83. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/1647



Original Research Articles