Correlates Of Delayed Immunization: A Cross Sectional Study at A Tertiary Care Centre of Maharashtra, India

Authors

  • Vimal M Holambe Government Medical College, Latur (M.S.)
  • Namrata A Thakur Government Medical College, Latur (M.S.)

Keywords:

immunization, timeliness, correlates, infants

Abstract

Introduction: Immunization programme is one of the most cost-effective public health measures. Even though vaccines are provided at all the government health care centres free of cost, the immunization coverage in India is low. Even amongst these immunized children there appears to be a delay in vaccination of the child.

Aim: Present study was conducted to assess the reasons for delay in immunization of infants and determine the factors influencing the timeliness of vaccination.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted in Government Medical College, Latur(Maharashtra) during May 2013 to June 2013. The study population consisted of 197 mother-infant pairs attending the Immunization Clinic. Data was collected by direct interview using predesigned and pretested questionnaire.

Results: Out of the 197 study subjects, 67(34%) had presented late for immunization. The most common reason for late presentation was that “the family was out of place” on the scheduled day of vaccination. Age of mother at marriage and parity were found to be statistically significantly associated with delayed immunization.

Conclusions: Age of mother at marriage and parity are significantly associated with delayed immunization.

References

K Park. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine.21st Ed,2011: 404.

Manjunath U, Pareek RP. Maternal knowledge and perceptions about the routine immunization pro-gramme--a study in a semiurban area in Rajasthan. Indian J Med Sci 2003;57:158-63

Nilanjan Patra. Universal Immunization Programme in India: The determinants of childhood immuniza-tion. available from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=881224. Accessed on 18-01-2013

NFHS -3 data. Available from http://www.rchiips.org/NFHS/pdf/India.pdf ac-cessed on 18-01-2012

Dyavarishetty P. V. Kowli S. S A Facility Based Study on Timely Immunization of the Infants, in a Health Centre in Mumbai. Indian journal of maternal and child health,2012;15(1):1-8.

Labour Bureau. Government of India [internet]. 2010.available from http://www.labourbureau.nic.in/indum.htm

Tushar A Patel, Niraj B Pandit. Why infants miss vaccination during routine immunization sessions? Study in a rural area of Anand District, Gujarat. IJPH,2011;55(4):321-23.

Islam, S.M.S. and Islam, M.M.. Influences of Selected Socio-economic and Demographic Factors on Child Immunization in a Rural Area of Bangladesh. De-mography India, 1996; 25(2): 275-83.

Downloads

Published

2013-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Holambe VM, Thakur NA. Correlates Of Delayed Immunization: A Cross Sectional Study at A Tertiary Care Centre of Maharashtra, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2013 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 21];4(04):621-3. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/1595

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles