Prevalence Of Obesity and Its Associated Co Morbidities Amongst Adults
Keywords:Obesity, Waist Circumference, Diabetes Mellitus, BMI
Objective: To evaluate association of obesity with common co morbidities like hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Background: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in India. The health consequences of obesity range from increased risk of premature death to serious chronic conditions like hypertension and type 2 diabetes which reduces overall quality of life. BMI and waist circumference are useful guide to assess obesity related health risks.
Material and methods: A cross sectional study done on 53 adult subjects attending diabetes and hypertension detection camp organized at an urban health training center of a private Medical College , Pune.
Results: Prevalence of obesity was 43 % among adults. There was statistically significant association between BMI (>=25) and diabetes (p<0.05) and BMI and hypertension (p<0.05).In females central obesity (waist circumference >=80) was statistically associated with diabetes and hypertension. Diabetes and hypertension did not found to be associated with central obesity in male (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Obesity as assessed by BMI and waist circumference is associated with hypertension and diabetes. Thus approaches to reduce the risk of developing hypertension and diabetes may include prevention of overweight and obesity.
Agrawal PK. Emerging Obesity in Northern Indian States: A Serious threat for Health .IUSSP Conference, Bankok, Date of access 12 June 2002. Available from http://iussp.org./Bangkok2002/S7Agrawal.pdf.
Yajnik CS. Obesity epidemic in India: intrauterine origins? Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2004, 63, 387–96
Ian J, Katzmarzy PT, Ross R. Waist circumference and not body Mass Index explains obesity related health risk. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 79:379-84.
Mohan V, Pradeepa R, Deepa M, Anjana RM, Unnikrishnan RI, Datta M. How to detect the millions of people in India with undiagnosed diabetes cost effectively. Medicine Update. Rao MS(Ed). The Association of Physicians of India 2010; 20:93-6.
Gelber RP, Gaziano JM, Manson JE, Buring JE, Sesso HD. A Prospective Study of Body Mass Index and the Risk of Developing Hypertension in Men. Am J Hypertens. 2007; 20(4):370-77
Brown CD, Higgins M, Donato KA, Rohde FC, Garrison R, Obarzanek E et al. Body Mass Index and the Prevalence of Hypertension and Dyslipidemia. Obesity Research 2000; 8:605–19.
Bhat NA, Kamili MA, Allaqaband GQ. Hypertension in South Kashmir. Indian Pract. 2002;55(4):215-18
Patnaik L, Sahani NC, Sahu T, Sethi S. A Study on Hypertension in Urban Slum of Brahmapur, Orissa. Journal of Community Medicine 2010;6(1):682
Sandeep TK, Baghel PK, Jain MK. Study of prevalence of complications in symptomatic obese patients. Indian Pract. 2003; 56(12):819-25.
AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, Vinicor F, Bales VS et al .Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes, and Obesity-Related Health Risk Factors. JAMA 2003;289(1):76-79
Han TS, Leer EM, Seidell JC, Lean MEJ. Waist circumference action levels in the identification of cardiovascular risk factors: prevalence study in a random sample. BMJ 1995; 311 : 1401
Olinto MTA, Nacul, LC, Gigante DP, Costa JSD, Menezes AMB, Macedo S. Waist circumference as a determinant of hypertension and diabetes in Brazilian women: a population-based study. Public Health Nutrition 2004; 7:629-635.
Okosum IS, Cooper RS, Rotimi CN. Association of waist circumference with risk of hypertension and type2 diabetes in Nigerians, Jamaicans and African Americans. Diabetes care 1998; 21(11):1836-42.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Author/s retain the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.