Nomophobia: A Study to Evaluate Mobile Phone Dependence and Impact of Cell Phone on Health
Keywords:Nomophobia, Renxiety, mobile, dependence, cell phone
Background: “Nomophobia” is the modern fear of being unable to communicate through a mobile phone. Itis important to understand how its use affects people’s well-being,and the consequences of having the device takenfrom frequent users. The present study was designed to study the prevalence of nomophobia, dependence pattern and health effects of mobile phone usage.
Objective: The objectives were to study the prevalence of nomophobia among mobile phone users; to study cell phone dependence pattern among adults; and to study the health effects of mobile phone usage.
Methodology: This was a community based cross sectional exploratory study conducted during 1st December 2015 to 1st May 2016.
Results: Most of the subjects were in the age group of 16 – 20 years. The prevalence of nomophobiain the study was 68.92%. A higher proportion of males (82.91%) were dependent on mobile phone compared to females (31.25%). The most common self-perceived symptom due to increase mobile phone usage was lack of sleep (70.61%) followed by eyestrain (42.46%).
Conclusion: Prevention is better than cure, most of the subject using mobile phone belong to younger age group therefore health education strategies should be targeted to youth to prevent harmful effect of this great invention.
Choudhary SR, Momin MI, Kantharia SL. Facebook and Whatsapp: Beneficial or Harmful? J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare 2015;2(17):2306-2311.
Mittal A, Rajasekar VD, Krishnagopal L, A Study to Assess Economic Burden and Practice of Cell Phone Disposal among Medical Students. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2013;7(4): 657-660.
King AL, Valenca AM, Silva AC, Sancassiani F, Machado S, Nardi AE. Nomophobia”: Impact of Cell Phone Use Interfer-ing with Symptoms and Emotions of Individuals with Panic Disorder Compared with a Control Group .Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health 2014;10:28-35.
Cheever NA, Rosen LD, Carrier LM, Chavez A. Out of sight is not out of mind: The impact of restricting wireless mobile device use on anxiety levels among low, moderate and high users. ELSEVIER. Computers in Human Behavior 2014;37:290–297.
Paul B, Saha I, Kumar S, Ferdows SK, Ghose G. Mobile Phones: Time to Rethink and Limit Usage. Indian Journal of Public Health 2015;59(1).
Bragazzi NL, Del Puente G. A proposal for including nom-ophobia in the new DSM-V. Psychol Res BehavManag. 2014;7:155-160.
Pavithra MB, Madhukumar S, Murthy TS. A study on Nom-ophobia - mobile phone dependence, among students of a Medical college in Bangalore 2015;6(2):340-344.
Israel GD. Determining Sample Size. University of Flori-da;IFASExtension:1-5. Available from URL: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/PD/PD00600.pdf
Singh AS, Masuku MB. Sampling techniques & determina-tion ofsample size in applied statistics research: An over-view. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management 2014 Nov;2(11):122.
Bierrenbach A. Steps in applying Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) and calculating Basic Probability. Cited on 29 June 2016; Available from URL: www.who.int/... /psws_probability_prop_size_bierrenbach.pdf.
McGinn. RHRC Consortium Monitoring and Evaluation Toolkit. PPS sampling Technique. October 2004. Available from URL: http://www.rhrc.Org/resources/general_ fieldtools /toolkit/55b%20pps%20sampling%20technique.pdf. Last cited on 29 June 2016.
Aggarwal M, Grover S, Basu D. Mobile Phone Use by Resi-dent Doctors: Tendency to Addiction-Like Behaviour. Ger-man J Psychiatry. 2012;15(2):50-55.
Shambare R, Rugimbana R, Zhowa T. Are mobile phones the 21st century addiction? African Journal of Business Man-agement 2012; 62(2):573-577.
Sharma N, Sharma P, Wavare RR. Rising concern of nomo-phobia among Indian medical students. Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3):705-707.
Masthi NR, Yashasvini. Mobile Phone dependence among College Students in Bangalore. RGUHS J Med Sciences 2012 April; 2(2): 84-87.
Bivin.JB, Mathew P, Thulasi PC, Philip J. Nomophobia - do we really need to worry about? Reviews of progress 2013 May; 1(1):1-5.
Montag C, Blaszkiewicz K, Lachmann B, Sariyska R. Rec-orded behaviour as a vulnerable resource for diagnostics in mobile phone assiction: Evidence from Psychoinformatics Oct 2015;5(1):434-442.
Kumari A, D’souza MA, Dhar T, Alex S. Severity of mobile phone and internet use among B.Sc. Nursing students. Nitte University Journal of Health Sciences 2013 Dec;3(4):67-70.
Yeboah J, Ewur GD. The impact of WhatsappMessenger Usage on Students Performance in Tertiary Institutions in Ghana. Journal of Education and Practice 2014;5(6):157-164.
Pavithra MB, Madhukumar S, Murthy TS. A study on nom-ophobia - mobile phone dependence, among students of a medical college in Bangalore. Ntl J of Community Medicine 2015;6(3):340-344.
Mittal A, Rajasekar VD, Krishnagopal L. Cell phone de-pendence among medical students and its implications – a cross sectional study.Int J Cur Res Rev 2015;7(8):7-13.
Acharya JP, Acharya I, Waghrey D, A Study on Some of the Common Health Effects of Cell-Phones amongst College Students. JCommunity Med Health Educ 2013;3(4): 1-4.
Nikhita CR, Jadhav PR, Ajinkya SA. Prevalence of mobile phone dependence in secondary school adolescents. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2015 Nov;9(11):6-9.
American Psychiatric Association. DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing 2013.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author retains the copyright of their article, with first publication rights granted to Medsci Publications.