Perception of Menstruation and Practices among Adolescents in Urban Field Practice Area, Bangalore: A Cross Sectional Study


  • Navya Sri Sreenivasa Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Karnataka
  • Saraswathi Sakranaik Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Karnataka
  • Ranganath T Sobagiah Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Karnataka
  • Viswanath Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Karnataka


Menstruation, Adolescents, Restrictions, Hygiene, Nutrition, Anemia


Context: World health organisation has defined Adolescence as the period between 10-19 years of life. Good hygienic practices such as the use of sanitary napkins and adequate washing of the genital area are essential during menstruation. Assessing the hygienic practices among adolescents can be used as a baseline tool for formulating health education strategies. The Objectives of this study was to assess the knowledge, Attitude and Practices regarding Menstruation among the adolescent school girls.

Methods and Material: A Cross Sectional Study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls by probability proportionate sampling. Data was collected by using a pretested, semi-structured questionnaire. Results are presented in terms of frequency and percentages.

Results: Mean age of study participants was 14.16yrs + 0.9SD. Around 66.25% of students had heard about menstruation before attending menarche. Mothers were the main source of information. 80% of girls strongly believed that menstruation is a bothersome event. Majority used sanitary napkins as absorbent.

Conclusion: The study revealed that 33.75% of adolescents were not aware about menstruation prior to menarche. 7.75% females were not allowed to go to school during menstruation. Thus the present study perceives the need to dispel misconceptions regarding menstruation to improvise and promote good menstrual hygiene practices.


World Health Organization. Programming for adolescent health and development. WHO Technical Report Series No.886, 1996:2.

Gaudineau A, Ehlinger V, Vayssiere C, Jouret B, Arnaud C, Godeau E. Factors associated with early menarche: results from the French Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(1):1-7.

Jose Roberto da Silva Bretas; Aline Cassia Tadini; Maria Jose Dias de Freitas. Meaning of menarche according to ad-olescents Acta paul. enferm. 2012; 25(2): 256-262.

Aniebue U, Aniebue P, Nwankwo T. The impact of pre-menarcheal training on menstrual practices and hygiene of Nigerian school girls. Pan African Medical Journal. 2010;2(1):9.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Internet. UNICEF. 2017 cited 4 June 2016. Available from: /wash/.

Dhingra R, Kumar A, Kour M. Knowledge and Practices Related to Menstruation among Tribal (Gujjar) Adolescent Girls. Studies on Ethno-Medicine. 2009;3(1):43-48.

EswiAHelal H. Menstrual Attitude and Knowledge among Egyptian Female Adolescents. Journal of American Science, 2012; 8(6).

M Mt. S C. Menstrual Hygiene: Knowledge and Practice among Secondary School Girls of Hosakote, Rural Banga-lore. International Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences. 2014; 4(2).

Firat M, Kulakaç Ö, Öncel S, Akcan A. Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire: confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis with Turkish samples. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2009;65(3):652-662.

Jogand K, Yerpude P. A community based study on men-strual hygiene among adolescent girls. Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health. 2013;13(3):45-47.

Bhattacherjee S, Ray K, Biswas R, Chakraborty M. Menstru-ation: Experiences of adolescent slum dwelling girls of Siliguri City, West Bengal, India. Journal of Basic and Clini-cal Reproductive Sciences. 2013;2(2):85.

Jarrah S, Kamel A. Attitudes and practices of school-aged girls towards menstruation. International Journal of Nurs-ing Practice. 2012;18(3):308-315.

Sharma N, Sharma P, Sharma N. A cross sectional study of knowledge, attitude and practices of menstrual hygiene among medical students in north India. The Journal of Phy-topharmacology. 2013;2(5):28-37.

Shoor P. A study of knowledge, attitude, and practices of menstrual health among adolescent school girls in urban field practice area of medical college, Tumkur. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res. 2017;10(3):249-255.

Ramachandra K, Gilyaru S, Eregowda A, Yathiraja S. A study on knowledge and practices regarding menstrual hy-giene among urban adolescent girls. International Journal of Contemporary Paediatric. 2016;3(1):142-145.

P. C. A, Roy A, Sara A, VCM F, Babu G, Tamrakar A. Knowledge Regarding Menstrual Hygiene among Adoles-cent Girls in selected school, Mangalore with a View to De-velop an Information Booklet. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2014;3(1):55-60.

Patel H, Patel R. Title of article: a cross sectional study on menstruation and menstrual hygiene among medical stu-dents of Valsad, Gujarat. International Journal of Reproduc-tion, Contraception, Obs Gynaecol. 2016;5(12):4297-4302.

Pandit D, Bhattacharyya D, Bhattacharya D. Menstrual Hy-giene: Knowledge and Practice among Adolescent School Girls In rural areas of West Bengal. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences 2014;13(6):19-24.

Kamath R. A study on knowledge and practices regarding menstrual hygiene among rural and urban adolescent girls in Udupi Taluk, Manipal, India. Global J Med Public Health. 2013;2(4):2277-9604.

Kanchan C, VSV P. Menstrual Hygiene: Knowledge and Practice among Adolescent School Girls. Panacea Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016;6(1):31-33.




How to Cite

Sreenivasa NS, Sakranaik S, Sobagiah RT, Viswanath. Perception of Menstruation and Practices among Adolescents in Urban Field Practice Area, Bangalore: A Cross Sectional Study. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2017 Nov. 30 [cited 2024 May 29];8(11):645-9. Available from:



Original Research Articles