Impact Of Educational Status of Parents on Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls-A Cross Sectional Study


  • Sujit K Singh MMCH, Muzaffarnagar
  • Gagan Garg MMCH, Muzaffarnagar
  • Sanjeev Davey MMCH, Muzaffarnagar
  • Santosh Kumar Raghav MMCH, Muzaffarnagar
  • Khursheed Muzammil MMCH, Muzaffarnagar
  • Jai Vir Singh MMCH, Muzaffarnagar


Adolescent girls, malnutrition, parental education


Background: Adolescent is a period where significant growth changes occur necessitating optimum nutritional requirement. During adolescence 20% of adult height attained and 50% of adult bone mass gained. Girls deposit twice as much body fat as boys at this time and boys double their lean body mass. As a result nutrition requirement peak in adolescent. Failure to achieve optimum nutrition intake at this time can potentially retard physical growth, intellectual capacity and sexual maturation.

Objective of this study was to study the effects of parental education on nutrional status of the adolescent girl.

Material and Methods: A community based cross sectional study was carried out among 400 randomly selected adolescent girls belonging to makhinagarkhalapar block which is the field practice area of Muzaffarnagar Medical College, Muzaffarnagar (UP). The data was recorded in pre-designed and semi-structured Questionnaire.

Results: The proportion of adolescent girls aged 10-14 years and 15-19 years comprised of 41.2% and 58.8% respectively. Under nutrition was maximum (50%) in adolescent girls whose mothers were illiterate followed by 41% in girls whose mothers were just literate (p<0.05). Similarly the prevalence ofunder nutrition was maximum (100%) in adolescent girls whose fathers were illiterate.

Conclusion: This study found strong association between the nutritional status of adolescent girls and education of parents. Illiteracy of their parent is the main factor of malnutritionamong adolescents.


Jain K, Garg SK,Singh JV, Bhatnagar M, Chopra H. and-BajpaiSK..Reproductive health of adolescent girls in an urban population of Meerut, Uttar pradesh. Indian Journal of Public Health 2004;48(4): 155-156.

WHO/ UNFDA/UNICEF statement. there productive health of adolescent,Geneva,WHO,1989.[Internetc2014].Available from:[Last updated 2014 Aug 25 & last cited 2014 Aug 26]

Greydanus DE, Pratt HD, Patel DR. The first three years of life and the early adolescent. Comparisons and differences-lessons for child rearing. International Pediatrics 2004;19 (2);68-80

Nutrition & health. Textbookof Social and Preventive medi-cine,20th edition;2009;chapter 11pp:556-567.

SinghR: An epidemiological study of anaemia in adolescent girls in an urban area of Meerut(Thesis submitted for M.D. in Commu-nity Medicine, C.C.S. University,Meerut) 2002.

Anand K et al: Nutritional status of adolescent school children in rural North India. IndPediatr 1999;36; 810-815.

KapoorG and Aneja S: Nutritional disorders in adolescent girls. Indian J of Pediatric 1992: 29(8); 969-973.

A. Acharya,V. P. Reddaiah, N. Baridalyne,Nutritional Status and Menarche in Adolescent Girls inan Urban Resettlement Colony of South Delhi. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2006,31(4):302.

MukhopadhyayA.BhadraM.Bose K. Anthropometric assessment of nutritional assessment of adolescent, Kolkata, WestBengal, J. Hum E col 1998,18:213-6.

Census of India: Provisional population total (Paper 1 of 2001) Registrar and census commissioner for India, New Delhi 2001.[Internetc2014].Available from: /2011-prov-results/census2011_PPT_paper1.html.[Last updated 2014 Aug 25 & last cited 2014 Aug 26]

A. Saibaba, M.MohanRam,G.V.RamanaRao, Uma Devi, T.S. Sya-mala. Nutritional status of adolescent girls of urban slums and the impact of IEC on their nutritional knowledge and practices. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 2002;27(4): 151-156.

S. Choudhary, C. Mishra & K. Shukla : Correlates Of Nutritional Status Of Adolescent Girls In The Rural Area Of Varanasi. The In-ternet Journal of Nutrition andWellness. 2009; 7( 2)

Bhattacharyya H, Barua A. Nutritional Status and Factors Affect-ing Nutrition among Adolescent Girls in Urban Slums of Dibru-garh, Assam. Natl J Community Med 2013; 4(1): 35-9.

Joshi SM, Likhar S, Agarwal SS, Mishra MK, Shukla U. A Study of Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls in Rural Area of Bhopal District. Natl J CommunityMed 2014; 5(2):191-194.

Davey S & Davey A. Women literacy and infant feeding practices in a Rural ICDS block of Delhi. Natl J CommunityMed 2012; 3(3):385-90.




How to Cite

Singh SK, Garg G, Davey S, Raghav SK, Muzammil K, Singh JV. Impact Of Educational Status of Parents on Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girls-A Cross Sectional Study. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2014 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];5(03):266-9. Available from:



Original Research Articles