A Study of Prevalence of Hypertension and Pre-Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Area Of Madhya Pradesh


  • Anshuman Sharma PCMS&RC, Bhopal, MP
  • Sanjay Kumar Gupta PCMS&RC, Bhopal, MP
  • Sanjay S Agarwal PCMS&RC, Bhopal, MP
  • Manmohan Gupta PCMS&RC, Bhopal, MP
  • Shweta Shrivastava PCMS&RC, Bhopal, MP


Hypertension, Pre hypertension, prevalence, rural area, Risk factors


Introduction: As it is hidden beneath an outwardly asymptomatic appearance, the disease does immense harm to the body in the form of ‘Target Organ’ damage; hence the WHO has named it the ‘Silent Killer’. A majority of the rural population in India have inadequate access to healthcare. Clinic-based (Opportunistic) screening of hypertension will not screen and detect a large pro- portion of adult hypertensives. Objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of hypertension and various risk factors asso- ciated with hypertension in the rural area.

Methodology: It was a community based cross sectional study in rural area.

Observation: Majority of (44.4%) individuals belongs to 30-40 years of age in the study group, most of participants in the study were illiterate 56.6 %, majority of respondents belong to middle socio-economic class 32.6% .Prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension among studied population were 40.8% &14.2% re- spectively, hypertensive’s & pre-hypertensive’s shows no signifi- cant relationship between smoking but significant relationship found between the amounts of alcohol consumption with hyper- tension. The significant relationship was observed between their socio economic status with hypertensive and pre hypertensive.

Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of pre- hypertension in rural area of Bhopal, this group required more attention to pre- vent further development of disease and its complication.


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How to Cite

Sharma A, Gupta SK, Agarwal SS, Gupta M, Shrivastava S. A Study of Prevalence of Hypertension and Pre-Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors in Rural Area Of Madhya Pradesh. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2015 Jun. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];6(02):207-11. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/1166



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