Identifying Risk Factors of Health of Solid Waste Collectors: A Cross Sectional Study


  • Swati Sanjeev Raje MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade
  • Tanvi Patil MIMER Medical College, Talegaon Dabhade



solid waste collectors, musculoskeletal problems, skin problems


Introduction: Increase in urbanization has resulted in exponential generation of solid waste. Exposure to various types of harmful waste is known to affect health of solid waste collectors. Hard manual labour involving frequent bending, travelling for long distance and early working hours further increase their risk of health morbidity.

Aims and Objectives: To identify risk factors of health hazards in solid waste collectors of urban Maharashtra.

Results: A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data regarding clinico-social profile of solid waste collectors of Pune. Diet of all the population was found to be deficit for calorie and protein. Average female solid waste collector was anemic. More than 80% of the study population reported musculoskeletal problems such as leg and black problem which increased with increase in duration of job. Skin problems like Itching, Dryness, Hypopigmentation, Lymphadenopathy and respiratory illness were significantly more among those who worked for less than five years in this job.

Conclusion: Frequent health checkups and proper counseling regarding health care is essential for this population to decrease burden of disease.


Habibullah N Saiyed and Rajnarayan R Tiwari. Occupational Health Research in India. Industrial Health 2004;42:141–148

Herzstein JA, Bunn WB, Fleming LE, Harrington JM, Jeyaratnam J, Gardner IR, Solid waste.. International Occupational and Environmental Medicine.1998:620‑32.

Poulsen, Otto M., et al. "Collection of domestic waste. Review of occupational health problems and their possible causes." Science of the Total Environment 1995;170(1-2) 1-19.

Athanasiou M, Makrynos G, Dounias G. Respiratory health of municipal solid waste workers. Occup Med (Lond) 2010;60:618‑23.

Tooher R, Griffin T, Shute E, Maddern G. Vaccinations for waste‑handling workers. A review of the literature. Waste Manag Res 2005;23:79‑86.

Thapa, K., S. Ghatane, and S. P. Rimal. "Health problems among the street children of Dharan municipality." Kath-mandu University Medical Journal 2009;7.3 272-279

Ray Manas Ranjan, et al. "Respiratory and general health impairments of ragpickers in India: a study in Delhi." International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2004;77.8:595-598.

Tandon R. A study on the working conditions and occupation hazards at the dumping sites of Bombay. Occup Environ Health 1994;1:9‑17.

Priyanka V. Patil and R. K. Kamble. Occupational Health Hazards In Municipal Solid Waste Collecting Workers Of Chandrapur City, Central India. International Journal Of Environment. Dec-Feb 2016/17;6(1):46-57

Gelberg KH. Health study of New York City Department of Sanitation landfill employees. J Occup Environ Med.1997;39:1:103‑10.

Poulsen OM, Midtgard U. Bioaerosol exposure and health problems. In: Proceedings of the International Meeting for Waste Collection and Recycling; Koge, Denmark. 1996 Sep:13‑14.

Sharholy, Mufeed & Ahmad, Kafeel & Mahmood, Gauhar & C Trivedi, R. Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities – A review. Waste management (New York, N.Y.). 2008; 28:459-67. 10.1016/j.wasman.2007.02.008.

Thorn, Jörgen, Lena Beijer, and Ragnar Rylander. "Airways inflammation and glucan exposure among household waste collectors." American journal of industrial medicine 1998; 33(5): 463-470.

Reddy Endreddy Manikanta, and Sandul Yasobant. "Musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste workers in India: A cross-sectional risk assessment." Journal of family medicine and primary care.. 2015;4(4) : 519.

Rajgopal T (2000) Musculoskeletal disorders. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 4:2-3.

Ramin Mehrdad M Majlessi-Nasr.Musculoskeletal disorders among municipal solid waste workers. Acta medica Iranica .46(3):233-238

I. D. Norman, J. P. Kretchy and E. Brandford. Neck, Wrist and Back Pain Among Solid Waste Collectors: Case Study of a Ghanaian Waste Management Company. The Open Public Health Journal. 2013; 6: 59-66

Nayak. S, Shenoi S, Kaur G, Bisen N, Purkayastha A, Chalissery J. Dermatologic evaluation of street sanitation workers. Indian J Dermatol [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Apr 5]:58:246..

Jayakrishnan, Thayyil, Mathummal Cherumanalil Jeeja, Rao Bhaskar. "Occupational health problems of municipal solid waste management workers in India." International Journal of Environmental Health Engineering.2013; 2.1: 42.




How to Cite

Raje SS, Patil T. Identifying Risk Factors of Health of Solid Waste Collectors: A Cross Sectional Study. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];11(09):367-70. Available from:



Original Research Articles