A Study on Prevalence of Selected Mental Disorders (Anxiety, Depression, Dementia) Among Residents of Old Age Home in Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh, India


  • Ketulkumar Chaudhari NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India
  • Neeraj Rai NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India
  • Rajesh Tiwari NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, India




Older adult, Anxiety, Depression, Cognitive Impairment, old age homes


Ageing is a normal phenomenon and an inescapable process. According to W.H.O. Worldwide over 20% of adults aged 60 and over suffer from a mental or neurological disorder and according to the National Mental Health Survey of India (2015-16) the prevalence of mental disorders in geriatric population in the country is 10.90%. Thus, this study aims to assess anxiety, depression and cognitive disorders among persons living in OAH and to explore the various factors associated with it. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in OAH Jabalpur. All residents of OAH were included in the study so no need for sampling. The sample size was 73. A Predesigned semi-structured Questionnaire was used which comprised of the socio-demographic profile with using GAD-7, GDS-15 & MMSE-30 for screening of psychiatric morbidity. Data analysis was done by using IBM SPSS-21. The result shows the mean age of the study subject was 72.14 ±7.482. The prevalence of Anxiety was 19.2%, prevalence of depression was 41.1% and prevalence of cognitive impairment was 23.3%. In this study it was found out that older adults suffering from anxiety, depression and cognitive impairment, most of older adults was widowed and there is a need to provide psychological support, a positive environment and proper care to improve mental health.


Nair SS, Raghunath P, Nair SS. Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders among the Rural Geriatric Population: A Pilot Study in Karnataka, India. Cent Asian J Glob Health 2015;4. Doi: https://doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.138 PMid:29138712 PMCid:PMC5661194

Purna Singh A, Lokesh Kumar K, Pavan Kumar Reddy CM. Psychiatric morbidity in geriatric population in old age homes and com-munity: A comparative study. Indian J Psychol Med 2012;34:39-43. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.96157 PMid:22661806 PMCid:PMC3361841

Mental health of older adults n.d. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/mental-health-of-older-adults (accessed July 8, 2022).

Murthy RS. National Mental Health Survey of India 2015-2016. Indian J Psychiatry 2017;59:21. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_102_17 PMid:28529357 PMCid:PMC5419008

Kamble SV, Ghodke YD, Dhumale GB, Goyal RC, Avchat SS. Mental Health status of elderly pesons in rural area of India. Indian Journal of Basic & Applied Medical Research 2012;1:309-12.

Akbar S, Tiwari SC, Tripathi RK, Pandey NM, Kumar A. Prevalence of Psychiatric Illness among Residents of Old Age Homes in Northern India. J Neurosci Rural Pract 2018;9:193. Doi:https://doi.org/10.4103/jnrp.jnrp_340_17 PMid:29725168 PMCid:PMC5912023

Löwe B, Decker O, Müller S, Brähler E, Schellberg D, Herzog W, et al. Validation and standardization of the Generalized Anxiety Dis-order Screener (GAD-7) in the general population. Med Care 2008;46:266-74. Doi:https://doi.org/10.1097/MLR.0b013e318160d093 PMid:18388841

Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey M, et al. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary report. J Psychiatr Res 1982;17:37-49. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(82)90033-4

Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. "Mini-mental state". A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clini-cian. J Psychiatr Res 1975;12:189-98. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3956(75)90026-6

Tiwari SC, Pandey NM, Singh I. Mental health problems among inhabitants of old age homes: A preliminary study. Indian J Psychiatry 2012;54:144. Doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.99533 PMid:22988321 PMCid:PMC3440908

Achappa S, Rao VB, Santosh Achappa C. Is Depression a Part of The Aging Process?!: A Study From The Old Age Homes in Davangere District, Karnataka. National Journal of Community Medicine│Volume 2017;8:714-7.




How to Cite

Chaudhari K, Rai N, Tiwari R. A Study on Prevalence of Selected Mental Disorders (Anxiety, Depression, Dementia) Among Residents of Old Age Home in Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh, India. Natl J Community Med [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];13(11):777-81. Available from: https://njcmindia.com/index.php/file/article/view/2445



Original Research Articles